Genesis and Evolution of Holy Bell Peak
Holy Bell Peak is an iconic geological relic landscape within the Geopark. From the front, it resembles a towering wall, while from the side, it takes the shape of a campanulate peak. With a height of approximately 365 meters, it exudes a grand and magnificent presence. How do granite landforms like the Holy Bell Peak come into being?
Deep underground, when granite magma reaches a plastic or semi-plastic state and intrudes along fissures, it often takes the form of thermal domes, retaining some characteristics of the original rock stratum, and forming a unique concentric joint structure in the rock mass with a high-temperature hotspot at its center (the upper part of the rock mass is generally a single layer relatively thicker than the middle and lower parts of the rock mass, and its attitude is gentle in the upper portion and steep in the lower portion). Under the influence of this geological phenomenon, combined with the low-temperature climate conditions in the continental cold temperate zone and the effects of intense frost weathering, the granite undergoes layered weathering along parallel slopes. As a result, it constantly breaks apart and collapses, ultimately giving rise to a mountain surface that is both smooth, rounded, and highly steep. This unique process leads to the formation of various campanulate and pyramidal granite landforms such as the Holy Bell Peak.
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