What is a UNESCO Global Geopark and how much do you know about it?

What is Geopark: Geopark is a unique natural area with special geological and scientific significance, rare natural attributes, high aesthetic ornamental value, geosites and landscapes of a certain scale and distribution as the main body, and the integration of other natural landscapes and humanistic landscapes. It not only provides people with places for sightseeing, holiday and leisure, health care, culture and recreation with high scientific taste, but also is a key protection area for geosites and ecological environment, and a base for geological scientific research and popularisation.

As we all know, China is a vast country with a vast territory of 9.6 million square kilometres, where there are not only common tectonic, fluvial and coastal landforms, but also the remains of modern glaciers and ancient glacial action, permafrost and ice-marginal action phenomena, deserts and the Gobi. The diversity and typicality of China's landforms are unique and difficult to compare with those of other countries in the world. On this basis, China has formed a large number of UNESCO Global Geoparks, each with its own characteristics, let me take you to count the UNESCO Global Geoparks.

Definition of UNESCO Global Geopark

international geological significance are managed with a holistic concept of protection, education and sustainable development. The international geological significance of a UNESCO Global Geopark is determined by scientific professionals, as part of a “UNESCO Global Geopark Evaluation Team”, who make a globally comparative assessment based on the peer-reviewed, published research conducted on geological sites within the area. UNESCO Global Geoparks use geological heritage, in connection with all other aspects of that area’s natural and cultural heritage, to enhance awareness and understanding of key issues facing society in the context of the dynamic planet we all live on.

Distribution of UNESCO Global Geoparks in the World
UNESCO plans to start the implementation of the UNESCO Global Geoparks after the year 2000. As of April 2019, the total number of UNESCO Global Geoparks is 140, distributed in 38 countries and regions around the world .

Keketuohai began construction in 2000, declared as a national geopark in September 2005, and on 5 May 2017, the 201st meeting of UNESCO's Executive Board decided to formally approve the Xinjiang Keketuohai National Geopark to join the Global Geoparks Network, becoming China's 35th and Xinjiang's first UNESCO Global Geopark.On 10 October 2018 The unveiling and opening ceremony was held at the main monument square of Keketuohai UNESCO Global Geopark.

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